Sudan Medical Archives

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Sudan Medical Archives (SUMA) is an on-going medical documentation project launched by Professor Ahmad Al Safi under the umbrella of the Sudan Medical Heritage Foundation (SMHF) in 2005. SUMA provides a store room for medical archives and records, and serve as memory of health and medicine in Sudan. The physical component of SUMA is kept in SMHF buildings in Khartoum. SUMA currently holds around 300 images, (photos, figures and plates), 100 artefacts, several video tapes, and documents of historic value. More acquisitions are required. This message is an appeal to everybody to contribute to this project (ideas, documents, artifacts and more).


  • Acquire and preserve valuable medical and health artifacts, images, medical memorabilia, seminal and historical documents (videos, recordings, maps, books and manuscripts of historic value, letters, art works), and traditional medicine instruments.
  • Publicize and promote archive services in Sudan.
  • Keep up-to-date bibliographic information on health, and biographic information of health care providers.
  • Provide information and advisory services on cultural competence.
  • Provide custodial services for public and private records of enduring value.
  • Retrieve, preserve and make available to researchers migrant medical records (e.g., Durham, Wellcome, Bergen, etc.)

How to add information?

  • Click on Sudan Medical Archives to open SUMA page.
  • Log in (in upper right corner of SUMA page).
  • Scroll down the list to find the name you are looking for. If the name is not there, add it.
  • Click on Edit beside the name:
    • An edit box opens
    • Type the text you would like to add, or
    • Copy and paste text from MS Word or any similar application, or
    • Insert link to any information online whether it is in Cloud drive, Blog, Website, etc. using the External link icon (upper left side of page)
    • Save page (at the left lower corner of page).
  • If you have images that you would like to attach to any profile, please send them to []. We would take care of their placement.

6. That is all. Thanks for your contribution.


This project needs your support by simple donation of material, documents and artifacts, or by editing the content of this page.

ترجو المؤسسة السودانية للتراث الطبي من الأطباء وأطباء الأسنان والصيادلة والكوادر الطبية المساعدة والممرضين وذويهم إن كان لديهم أو لدى معارفهم من الأحياء أو من الذين توفاهم الله من أقاربهم صور فوتوغرافية أو تقارير أو كتب قديمة أو مخطوطات أو مقالات طبية أو معدات أو آلات أو عاديات طبية ذات قيمة تاريخية تخص الطب الحديث أو الطب الشعبي، أن يتكرموا بإيداع نسخة منها في ارشيف المؤسسة لتتيحها بدورها للباحثين والدارسين والطلبة.
للمساهمة في تحقيق أهداف الأرشيف الطبي هذا، نرجو مراجعة الأسماء الواردة فيه وتعديلها بالإضافة أو الحذف أو التصحيح وإضافة أي أسماء ومعلومات إضافية.

Sudanese Traditioinal Recipies.

See Ahmad Al Safi. Sudanese Traditional Recipes [[1]]in MS Word. This document is retreived from a ProCite Personal Bibliographic Database kept by the author. Please include your entries in the linked Dropbox document or send them to the author at

Bibliography of Biomedical Literature in Sudan (1900-2015)

See Ahmad Al Safi. A Bibliography of Biomedical Literature in Sudan (1900-2015) [[2]] in MS Word. This document is retreived from a ProCite Personal Bibliographic Database kept by the author. Please include your entries in the linked Dropbox document or send them to author at

Sudan Virtual Museum of Health and Medicine

Pioneers of Sudanese Medicine

Abdalla Omer Abu Shamma

Abdalla Saad

Abdel Aal Abdalla Osman

Abdel Halim Mohamed

Abdel Hamid Bayoumi

Early general surgeons practiced orthopaedic surgery and some of them excelled in it. General surgeons laid down the foundation of the future discipline and gave it the necessary support. Any narrative of orthopaedic surgery in Sudan will not be complete without reference to the surgical work of the pioneers namely Abdel Hamid Bayoumi and Ibrahim Mohamed El Moghraby. Mr. Bayoumi laid down the foundation of Sudanese surgery. He helped several surgeons to train, and endorsed the budding of orthopaedic surgery as a separate discipline. Mr. Abdel Hamid Mohamed Saeed Sayid Bayoumi (13 March 1911- 24 January 2004) is rightly the father of surgery in Sudan. He was born in Merawi on 13 March 1911. He completed his elementary schooling in Merawi and secondary school in Khartoum before joining KSM in 1934. After graduation, he worked in Omdurman, Khartoum North, Port Sudan, and Torit, in which he spent 5 years during which he learnt the Baria language. He then worked in Abu Usher and Wau to land in 1945 in Khartoum as Surgical Registrar with Mr. Bartholomew, the Senior Surgeon. In 1947, he was sent for postgraduate studies in the UK where he spent two years in Edinburgh after which he acquired the FRCSE, and later the FRCS Glasgow. He returned to Sudan in 1949 to take up the Omdurman surgeon post vacated by Mr. Bartholomew. In 1953, he was promoted to senior Surgeon and lecturer in surgery in MOH in place of Mr. Bartholomew, thus becoming the first Sudanese Senior Surgeon. Mr. Bayoumi worked as surgeon in MOH for 30 continuous years (1935-1965) before he retired. In 1984, he was made Professor in the FOM, UOK, and worked in that capacity until 1999. During that period, he made substantial contributions to the teaching of anatomy and expanded the department considerably. All the Sudanese doctors who graduated from KSM since 1928 performed surgery as general practitioners using chloroform and ether for anaesthesia and spinal blocks. Professor Abdel Aal Abdalla Osman in an excellent article entitled “Milestones in the History of Surgical Practice in the Sudan’ documented the first cases of surgery performed by Sudanese doctors. He said: “It is of interest to note that the first Sudanese graduate to perform a planned non-barber surgical operation in KCH was Ali Bedri. According to KCH Operations Registry, it was an excision of madura in a fourteen-year-old patient named Ali Khidir done under chloroform on the third of May 1928.” On practicing surgery, his repertoire of the surgery he performed was limitless. He would start his daily list of operations with tonsillectomy, followed by thyroidectomy or cholecystectomy, then LSCS and ending the list with setting bones. He used to give his own anaesthetics with the help of the theatre attendants

Abdel Hamid Ibrahim Sulaiman

Abdel Monem Wasfi

Abdel Rahim Mohamed Ahmed

Abdel Rahman Atabani

Abdel Salam Saleh Eisa

Abu Hassan Abu

Abul Gasim El Hadi

Adib Abdalla

Ahmad Abdel Aziz Yacoub

Ahmed Abdel Mageed

Ahmad Al Safi

See Ahmad Al Safi [[3]].

Ahmed Hassan Shehata

Ahmed Mohamed El Hassan

Ali Bedri

Ali Khogali

Anis Mohamed Ali El Shami

El Baghir Ibrahim

Dr El Baghir Ibrahim Abdel Magid was born on 1914 in Berber. He graduated rom KSM in 1936. In 1950, Dr El Baghir was the first Sudanese to obtain the Diploma of Ophthalmology (DO) from London University and the third Sudanese doctor to join this specialty in SMS. Dr El Baghir became later the Senior Ophthalmologist in Ministry of Health and Director of the Eye Hospital from 1962-1965). With the help of the Lions Club, he established the first Institute for Teaching of the Blind (معهد النور) in Sudan. The buildings of this institute are situated east of the Naitonal Cinema in Khartoum North. Dr Baghir was the first director for this institute and chairperson of the national committee for care of the blind in Sudan. Dr Baghir died in 1978

Bakhiet Mohamed Omer

Daoud Mustafa Khalid

Donald Ross

Donald Nixon Ross, DSc, FRCS, (1922-?), a South-African born thoracic surgeon, and fellow student of Christiaan Barnard, MD, PhD (the man who carried out the world’s first heart transplantation at the Groote Schuur Hospital) is a pioneer of cardiac surgery who led the team that carried out the first heart transplantation in the National Heart Hospital in London in the United Kingdom in 1968. He was also the trainer of Sir Magdi Yacoub.

Habib Abdalla

Hadi Ahmed El Shaikh

Hadi El Zain El Nahas

Hassan Mohamed Ibrahim

Hussein Ahmed Hussein

Dr Hussain Ahmed Hussain (1904-1987) was born on 14 November 1904 in Berber and died in Khartoum on 3 May 1987. Dr Hussain was among the third batch of KSM graduates who graduated on 14 January 1931. After graduation, he worked for two and a half years in Kassala and for a year in Gedaref before he was transferred to Khartoum to establish Eye services. In 1928, Dr AR McKelvie, a Glasgo University graduate arrived in Khartoum as the first eye surgeon in Sudan. Dr McKelvie immediately established an eye clinic in the Egyptian Army hospital, which became later the (River Hospital). Before the Second World War, the SMS started sending Sudanese doctors abroad for postgraduate courses. The first two doctors to be sent for three months to UK in 1937 were Dr Ali Bedri who was sent to Hammersmith and Hussain Ahmed Hussain to Moorfields. Both lived in the international hostel in Andsley Gardens in London. In 1946, postgraduate scholarships became regular and this time Dr Hussain and Dr Mansour Ali Haseeb were the lucky ones to be sent to London, UK under the sponsorship of the British Council. Dr Hussain specialized in Ophthalmology and Dr Haseeb in microbiology. In 1948, Dr AR McKelvie retired to be replaced by Dr Hussain as the first Sudanese Ophthalmologist. In April 11, 1963, the Royal College of Surgeons in London bestowed on Dr Hussain an honourary Fellowship in recognition of his pioneering efforts in establishing and developing Ophthalmology in Sudan. In November 11, 1968, the University of Khartoum granted him an honourary PHD, and in 24 February 1971, the State granted him the Golden Medal for Science and Arts. In 8 August 1972, he was also granted the Republic First Class Medal in recognition of a long distinguished service. In 1971, the family of the Eye Hospital celebrated the 40th anniversary of the establishment of Ophthalmology and in that occasion Dr Hussain was given a gold medal. Professor El Sheikh contributed and collected the necessary money to establish the Dr Hussain Ahmed Hussain Prize. The prize was to be awarded to the best student in the MOSM. The prize had been approved by the University of Khartoum Senate.

Hussain Sulaiman Abu Salih

Ibrahim Abdel Aziz

Ibrahim Ahmed Hussein

Ibrahim Mohamed El Moghrabi

Mr. IM El-Moghraby (1913-1993), DKSM, D Chir., D Orth., FRCS, FICS, PhD (Hon) had his secondary education at Gordon’s Memorial College, Khartoum, and joined KSM and qualified at the age of 21 in 1935. He was top of his class throughout his school career and won the Anatomy and the Physiology prizes in 1932. He passed his final examinations with distinction and won the Waterfield prize in Surgery and the school prize in Medicine. He joined the SMS and finished his internship at KCH. He was then posted as medical officer to several districts of Sudan. As a Medical Inspector in Wadi Halfa, he conducted the Gambia Mosquito Campaign and fought a Typhus epidemic. In 1939, he was chosen to be the first Sudanese Surgical Registrar and was trained by the late Mr. T.S. Mayne. In 1946-1949, he left to Egypt on his own and attended postgraduate courses in Kasr El Aini Medical School, King Fouad University in Cairo. He obtained a Diploma in General Surgery and a Diploma in Orthopaedic Surgery. He then trained at his own expense in UK for the Surgical Fellowship at Guy’s, St. Mark’s, the National Orthopaedic and the Marsden Hospitals, and Institute of Urology, London. In 1952, he became the first Sudanese and the first graduate of KSM to obtain the English Fellowship. He took part in research projects on metabolic response to trauma, and fluid balance in Prostatectomy patients at the Royal Infirmary, Liverpool, under Professor Charles Wells. In 1953, he returned to Sudan, was posted to Wad Medani, and became the first Sudanese Consultant Surgeon to take over the Blue Nile Province from the British. Mr. Moghraby rapidly developed the Wad Medani Hospital and made it the leading surgical centre of the Sudan, and it gained the recognition of the Royal Colleges for training for the final Fellowship examinations. He gained nation-wide fame for the treatment of football injuries and was the pioneer of modern orthopaedic surgery. He wrote extensively on the surgical diseases of the Sudan and became an authority in the surgery of massive Pyloro-duodenal Fibrosis (Syn. Shaigi Syndrome), Bilharziasis and Portal Hypertension in the Sudan. He also conducted notable research in Mycetoma (Madura foot) in collaboration with the London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, supported by a grant from the MRC (UK). In 1965, he was transferred to Khartoum to become the Senior Surgeon to the MOH until his retirement in 1969. He was succeeded by Mr. Ahmed Abdel Aziz. Among other achievements as a Senior Surgeon, he championed the cause of the Omdurman Military Hospital until it gained recognition for the final Fellowship training in general surgery and ophthalmology by the Royal College. He then devoted his time to teaching both under and post-graduate students in surgery, anatomy and pathology. He was an examiner in anatomy, pathology and surgery for the MB Diploma and the local Masters in Surgery (MS), Khartoum University. He was instrumental in the compilation and production of the first issue of the Sudan National Formulary. He was the President of the Sudan Association of Surgeons for two terms of office. He was a founder member and first president of the Sudan Section of the International College of Surgeons (Chicago) in 1972. He was awarded a honourary PhD from the Gezira University in 1989. He founded the El Nilein Trading Agencies for the import of pharmaceuticals and surgical instruments and equipment. He also had notable activities and contributions outside the medical field. He was the chair and member of the board of directors of some of the leading companies of Sudan (The General Insurance Company, Sudan Plastics, the Nile Cement Company, National Footwear, etc.).

John Jacques

Mr. John Jacques studied Medicine in Glasgow University, took FRCSE in 1955, and began to specialize in chest surgery. He was appointed Senior Lecturer in Surgery in Khartoum in 1959, under the late Professor Julian Taylor. During the short period of office in Khartoum, he made major contributions in the establishment of the Cardiac Surgery Department in Khartoum Civil Hospital. In 1962, he returned to Britain and died of a subarachnoid haemmorhage on November 12 at the age of 36.

Kamal Bushra Ibrahim

Kamal Zaki Mustafa

Khalda Zahir El Sadati

Mahmoud Mohamed Hassan

Mansour Ali Haseeb

Prof. Haseeb (1910-1973) was born in El Gitaina in 1910 though originally his family migrated to this town from El Dammar, the strong hold of the Galieen. He graduatedfrom KSM obtaining the DKSM with first prize in medicine in 1934. He immediately joined SMS. In 1946, he was sent to Britain where he specialized in microbiology. On return to Sudan, he succeeded Prof. Robert Kirk as Director of SMRL. He held this post from 1952 up to 1963. During his tenure in SMRL, he established the Laboratory Technicians School. Like all WTRLK and SMRL staff, he also worked as part time lecturer in microbiology, community medicine, physiology, and forensic medicine in the school of medicine. In 1960, Prof. Haseeb established the Microbiology and Parasitology Department under the supervision of Professor James Dunbar. In 1963, he replaced Professor Dunbar as the first Sudanese Head, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum. In the same year, he was appointed first Sudanese Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, a post he held up to 1969. During this period, he organized a programme for postgraduate training of junior lecturers in all specialties. In 1973, he was appointed president of the Sudan Medical Council and in the same year elected as assistant for health affairs for the secretary general of the League of Arab Countries. Prof. Haseeb’s notable contributions are in the field of vaccine production. In recognition of his services and published work(over 60 publications), he was elected Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists in 1965 and Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 1968.

Mohamed Ahmed Ali

Mohamed Ali Ahmed

Mohamed Hamad Satti

DrMohamed Hamad Satti (1913-2005), graduated from Kitchener School of Medicine in 1935 and acquired the MPH from John Hopkins, USA in 1959. Dr Satti had been undoubtedly the patron of all Sudanese health care researchers. He dedicated his life to field and laboratory work trying to understand the major diseases of the Sudan. He investigated the epidemiology, causative agents, vectors, reservoirs, diagnosis, and treatment of these killer diseases. He left behind a legacy of scientific excellence and valuable results on leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, Weil syndrome, bilharzia, yellow fever, small pox, cutaneous larva migrans, bancroftian filariasis, Kakoom paralysis, etc., and more than 60 published papers and solicited reports.

Mohamed Ibrahim Ali Omer

Mohi El Din Mahadi

Mohi El Din Mahadi

Omer Mohamed Belail

Richard Emanuel

Richard Wolff Emanuel (13 Jan 1923-12 April 2007). BM BCh Oxon, MRCP, DM, FACC, FRCP was one of the most distinguished cardiologists of his generation, was a physician and lecturer at the Middlesex and National Heart hospitals in London. At the request of Mr. Ahmed Abdel Aziz, Emanuel visited the Sudan several times. His international reputation in teaching and research was acknowledged by membership and honorary medical degrees from numerous cardiovascular societies and universities. Overseas universities constantly sought his help, requiring extensive travel to destinations as diverse as Singapore, Philippines, Sudan and Thailand.

Saad Mohamed Ibrahim

Sayid Hassan Daoud

Prof. El-Sayyid Daoud Hassan (1930-2000), (MB BS, PhD, Pathology, University of London, MRC Path, UK), graduated from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum in 1956. His career in the Ministry of Health progressed until he was Senior Pathologist and Director of Laboratories. In the 1960s, there were only two pathologists in the country: Prof. El-Hassan and Dr El-Sayyid Daoud Hassan. The relation between the two pathologists wasperfect. They split the pathology workload into two. Prof. El-Hassan carried out investigations of the capital city, while Dr El-Sayyid took care of the provinces. This arrangement ushered the idea of the Cancer Registry, which they established in 1966. Due to this collaboration and the Ministry of Health support that Dr El-Sayyid made available, the Institute of Laboratory Assistants was founded. In addition, with the help and collaboration of Prof. Awad Omer and other pathologists from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Dr El-Sayyid was enabled to develop the ministry’s laboratory services and research. Dr El-Sayyid held the chairs of professor of pathology at Sanaa University in the Republic of Yemen, and Juba University, and the post of visiting professor in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum. He was the author of the first textbook in forensic medicine in Arabic in Sudan entitled (الطب العدلي). The bookwas published in Khartoum in 1995.

Shaikh Abdel Rahman

Shaikh Mahgoub Gaffar

Sulaiman Mohamed Modawi

Tahir Fadul

Tigani Mohamed El Mahi

Zain El Abdeen Ibrahim

Zarwi Sirkisian

Notable Physicians

The notable men and women in the medical field collectively set respectable traditions and established a firm foundation for health care delivery, research, teaching and training. They have taught and trained several generations, and more importantly, mentored and provided guidance and encouragement to the young and aspiring generations. They were, without exception, meticulous clinicians, imaginative and illustrious teachers, and hard-working researchers who made new discoveries or devised novel techniques. In their exemplary lives, they maintained unimpeachable professional integrity, upheld strict medical ethics, and set models of admirable behaviour inland and abroad.

Their contribution as scientists or physicians to science and life has been exemplary. They searched for continuous improvement in their lives and in the institutions in which they worked. They have been constantly involved in the pursuit of fact and truth about everything in life. That is why they were also notable social workers, sportsmen, poets, musicians, political and social leaders, writers, and competent administrators.

Abbas Mokhtar

Abdalla Ahmed Dafaalla

Abdalla Hidaytalla

Abdeen Khairy

See documentary article in Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics.

Abdel Galil Mohamed

Abdel Ghaffar Abdel Rahim

Abdel Hamid El Sayid Billia

Abdel Hamid Sayid Omer

Abdel Moneim El Seed Mohamed Khair

Abdel Monem El Shafie

Abdel Rahman Abdel Salam

Abdel Rahman Kabbashi

Abdel Rahman Mohamed Musa

Abdel Rahman Musa

Abdel Rahman Salim

Abdel Salam Mohamed Gerais

Abelmoniem Sahal Elmardi

Adla Shashati

Ahmad Al Safi

See Ahmad Al Safi [[4]].

Ahmed Abbas

Ahmed Awad Abdel Hamid Adeel

Ahmed Ayoub El Gaddal

Ahmed Bayoumi El Sayih

Ahmed Hassan Fahal

Ahmed Mohamed El Amin Hamid

Al Sadig Abdel Wahab

Ali Abdel Kariem

Ali Kambal

Ali Nour El Galiel

Amin El Sayid

Asma El Suni

Awad Dakkam Ali

Beshir Arbab

Beshir Hamad

Gaafar Ibn Oaf

Haddad Omer Karoam

Hadi El Zain El Nahas

Hamad El Nil Abdel Rahman

Hamid Rushwan

Hashim Ibrahim Yagi

Hashim Orwa

Hassan Bella El Amin

Hassan Hag Ali

Hassan Musa Ibrahim

Izzaldin Ali Amer

Izzaldin El Mahadi

Kamal El Din Hussain El Tahir

Kamal Mekki El Manna

Kamal Mohamed Mubashar

Khalid Hassan El Toam

Khalid Ibrahim Yagi

Khalil Mohamed Badi

Khlid Ahmed Gumaa

Lewis Abdu Tadrus

Mahmoud Abdalla

Makram Girgis

Mamoun Mohamed Ali Homeida

Mamoun Yousif

Mirghani Sanhouri

Mohamed Adam Adham

Mohamed Ahmed Abdalla

Mohamed Ahmed Al El Shaikh

Mohamed Ali El Toam

Mohamed El Fatih Baraka

Mohamed El Hassan Abu Bakr

Mohamed Hassan El Tayib Hashim

Mohamed Hassan Gabir

Mohamed Mahmoud

Mohamed Osman Abdel Malik

Mohamed Osman Hassan Giritly

Mohamed Yousif Sukkar

Morris Sidra

Musa Abdalla Hamid

Mustafa Abdalla Mohamed Salih

Mustafa Hassan Badi

Mustafa Khogali

Mustafa Nour El Huda

Nadir Rashad Farid

Nasr El Din Ahmed Mahmoud

The first Department of Physiology in Sudan was established among the first departments of Kitchener School of Medicine at its inception in …. The physiology syllabus in that department was taught by the paediatrician, D. Coles. That department included Biochemistry, which separated in 1960. In 1957, Dr Ali Khogali Ismail was appointed as the first teaching assistant, and in 1970 he was appointed the first Head Department of Physiology. Dr Nasr El-Din Ahmed Mahmoud was the second teaching assistant to be appointed in the department in 1959. Postgraduate studies in physiology started in 1991. Born in Shendi in 1930. He acquired MB, BS, Faculty of Medicine, Khartoum University College in 1956; Senior Scholar attending the honours BSc course in the school of medicine, University of Edinburgh (1961-1962), later Senior Scholar at the Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, University of Edinburgh studying for PhD under the supervision of Professor RB Fisher, Dr R Passmore and Dr WNM Ramasy; awarded PhD, Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Edinburgh, 1964 thesis entitled: "Iron Metabolism in Relation to Nutrition; joined the academic staff of the Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum as Assistant Lecturer in July 1959, promoted to Lecturer in April 1961, and Senior Lecturer in 1968. Research Fellow (April, 1969 – October, 1969) to conduct a research project on obesity in the Metabolic and Endocrine Unit of the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh in collaboration with professor JA Strong (Professor of Medicine). Appointed Head, Department of Physiology Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum (1971 -1973). Promoted to the status of Professor in Physiology, 1974; Fellow of the Faculty of Medicine University of Khartoum 2002. Currently, Professor of Physiology Faculty of Medicine Khartoum University, and founding Dean, Khartoum College of Medical Sciences, a private medical school teaching medicine, pharmacy and dentistry. Seconded to WHO as professor and Head Department of physiology, University of Addis Ababa (1972-75); appointed establishing Dean, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gezira (1975); Seconded to Faculty of Medicine, University of Kuwait as professor and Head Department of Physiology (1977); Vice Dean Academic Affairs Faculty of Medicine, University of Kuwait (1978-1982); Head of the Center for Medicine Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kuwait and Professor and Chairman Department of Physiology, Kuwait Faculty of Medicine (1982-1990); Dean, Faculty of Medicine, University of Al-Ahfad for Women (1991-1993), and founding Dean, Khartoum College of Medical Sciences (1999-). Editor–in-Chief, Sudan Medical Journal (1965-1972). In June 1966, he attended a 4–month practical course in the use of Radio-Isotopes in medicine in the Radio-Isotope Center for the Eastern Mediterranean Region of WHO in Cairo. Published several scientific papers in local, regional and international Journals. Appointed member of WHO Expert Advisory Panel for Nutrition for five years January 1971. Appointed WHO professor and Head Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (1973–1975). He was founding Dean, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gezira (1975 -1977). In 1966, he was appointed Chairman of the Sudanese Swimming Association and in 1970 was elected to the Executive Committee of the African Swimming Association, in 1971 elected secretary general to the Sudanese Olympic Committee and, attended several meetings of the International Association of Olympic Committees, and appointed medical expert to the Ministry of Sports in the Sudan where I carried out useful Medical work on Sudanese athletes Member of Khartoum University Senate in 1965and1972 Member of the Faculty Board of Medicine for years and represented the Faculty Board of Medicine in the Faculty Board of Pharmacy where I contributed to the coordination of teaching of basic medical sciences between the two faculties .I also contributed towards the improvement of examination regulation and evaluation technique. He taught medical students, students of Khartoum College of Nursing, post-graduates. 1970 -1972: I was chosen to represent the faculty Board of Medicine in the University library Committee. I helped in improving lending procedure and in putting a plan for ordering back – dated issues of Journals to the Faculty Library. He was appointed first chairman of the Sudanese Medical research Council and member of the Executive Board of the National Research Council (1970). During his tenure, he contributed to the advancement of medical research in Sudan by laying down the priorities of research and getting funds and facilities for projects approved by the council. During his chairmanship, the Institute of Tropical Medicine was established and the existing hospital was designated for training and research in Tropical Medicine, and the Bilharzia Research project in collaboration with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical medicine was started. He attended and contributed to most of the British physiological Society meetings (1961–1964), and attended the Pan- Arab medical conferences held in Baghdad, Damascus and Khartoum, meetings of the Scottish Society of experimental medicine held in Dundee in 1963. He was member to several scholarly associations, socieites and institutions including the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1968), the International Olympic Medical Officers Association, the Sudanese and Ethiopian Medical Associations, the British Physiological Society, the Academic Commission and Appointment and Promotions committee of the Faculty of Medicine, Haile Selassie I University since January 1973; member of Khartoum University Press Board (1971 -1972); member of WHO Expert Advisory panel for nutrition (1971). He is the founding Dean of Khartoum College of Medical Sciences

Omer Abboud

Osman Abdel Kariem

Osman Awad Alla

Osman El Hadari

Osman Hassan

Osman Hassan Sorkatti

Osman Khalafalla Saeed

Rashid El Amin

Riyad Bayoumi

Salah Ahmed Omer

Salih Yassin Salih

Salma Mohamed Sulaiman

Samiya Ahmed Gumaa

Sayda El Dirdiri

Sayda Mohmed Bashar

Shaikh Idris Abdel Rahim

Shawgi Fadul Mahmoud

Shawgi Hasan El Masri

Siddig Ahmed Ismail

Sir Abdel Magid

Sulaiman Salih Fedail

Taha Ahmed Baasher

Taha Ahmed Talat

Tahir Abdel Rahman

Tarig AA El Hadd

Tarig Ismail Homeida

===Yahiya Oan Alla===بروفسير يحى عون الله يونس بقلم د.هويدا عباس الياس ولد بروفسير يحى عون الله يونس بمدينة امدرمان _ ابوسعد فى عام 1941 وتلقى مراحل تعليمه بها ̜ حيث درس الاولية بمدرسة العباسية ثم الوسطى فى مدرسة الاميرية امدرمان والثانوى بمدرسة وادى سيدنا ثم كلية الطب _ جامعة الخرطوم التى تخرج منها فى العام 1966. عمل بعد تخرجه فى عدد من المستشفيات خلال فترة الامتياز̜ ثم كطبيب عمومى بمستشفى امدرمان التعليمى ومن ثم عمل كمساعد للبحوث بكلية الطب _جامعة الخرطوم وذلك فى الفترة من 1967 حتى 1969 ومنها تم ابتعاثه الى المملكة المتحدة لينال درجة الدبلوم فى الصحة الاستوائية وبعدها نال درجة دبلوم الطب النفسى وذلك فى الفترة من 1969 حتى 1972 وبعد ان تم اعلان الكلية الملكية للطب النفسينال بروفسير يحي عون الله زمالة الكلية الملكية للطب النفسى وقد اول دفعة تنال تلك الدرجة العلمية ومعه بروفسير الزين عباس عمارة وبروفسير الطيب زروق وبروفسير على مصطفى بلال . وعاد بروفسير يحى الى السودان ليعمل كمحاضر بكلية الطب _جامعة الخرطوم حتى عام 1979 ثم عمل كاستاذ مساعد حتى عام 1983 .نال بروفسير يحي عون الله درجة الدكتوراة السريرية فى طب المجتمع من جامعة الخرطوم فى العام 1986

تم ابتعاث بروفسير يحي الى دولة الامارات العربية المتحدة فى عام1983 للعمل كاخصائى للطب النفسى فى مستشفى العين واستاذ بكلية الطب جامعة الامارات.
وفى العام 1995 تم منح البروفسير عضوية الكلية الملكية للطب النفسى بانجلترا

عاد بروفسير يحي عون الله للسودان فى العام 2008 ويعمل حاليا استاذ بجامعة افريقيا العالمية _ كلية الطب واستشارى للامراض النفسية بمستشفى طه بعشر للطب النفسى.

يعتبر بروفسير يحى عون الله من مؤسسى كلية الطب _ جامعة جوبا مع بروفسير عوض ابوزيد وقد قام بالتدريب فى العديد من الجامعات داخل وخارج السودان مثل كلية الطب وطب الاسنان والتمريض العالى بجامعة الخرطوم.كلية الطب بجامعة الجزيرة وكلية الطب بجامعة جوبا وايضا كلية الطب بجامعة الملك فيصل بالمملكة العربية السعودية وكلية الطب بجامعة الامارات العربية المتحدة. قام البروفسير يحى عون الله بالمشاركة فى العديد من السمنارات والورش التدريبية والمؤتمرات العلمية والبرامج التدريبية داخل وخارج السودان مثل المملكة المتحدة والولايات المتحدة الامريكية والاتحاد السوفيتى سابقا والدنمارك وتركيا والهند ولبنان والمملكة العربية السعودية ودولة البحرين والامارات العربية المتحدة. كما نشر له العديد من البحوث والاوراق العلمية ( مرفقة). 
البروفسير يحي عون الله يونس متزوج من السيدة اخلاص سيد مرسى ولديه اربعة من الابناء .داليا موظفة ببنك الخرطوم ومحمد مهندس مدنى ودينا طبيبة نائب اخصائى امراض نفسية ومصعب طبيب امتياز.

Yousif Mohamed Bushara

Zein El Abdeen Abdel Rahim Karrar

Notable Psychiatrists

Abd Alal Alidrisi

=الشيخ البروفسير عبدالعال الحسن الادريسي.. عشر سنوات من الفجيعة و الوهج! امدرمان-علي بلدو صرخة الميلاد في ذات ليلة وضيئة من ليال سبتمبر 1950 تحملت فيها السماء عبء غماماات كانت تضخ رزاذا من امطار خفيفة بللت طرقات (ارتقاشا) بالولاية الشمالية و كان لمعان النجوم يزداد القا في تلك الليلة , كيف لا و السيدة الفضلى(اللقية) ابنة العمدة تعاني من الام المخاض ليشق اليل ذاك صوت طفل عانقت نبراته عنان السماء , تخير له والد و فورا اسم (عبد المتعال) تيمنا بشيوخ الطريقة الاحمدية الادريسية و التي حمل لواءها والده و جده الاكبر سيدي القطب الاكبر احمد بن ادريس قدس الله سره ’ و الذي ينحدر من المغرب العربي و مؤسس دولة الادارسة المعروفة و المدفون ب ( صبيا) باليمن السعيد. زمن الطفولة بدء عبد العال و هذا هو الاسم الخفييف له, حياته ككل الاطفال ما بين اللعب و الشقاوة في ازقة ارتقاشا و التي يتداخل فييها اللسان المحسي مع العرببي و تتمازج بها السحنات و تفتحت عيناه على جمال الطبيعة و طيبة الناس و هذا ما سيؤثر في شخصيته لاحقاا و بعدها تدرج في التعليم الاولي و التعليم الديني الخاص الذي خصه به والده السيد الحسن الادريسي و اخيه الاكبر الراحل الشييخ محمد الحسن الادرييسي. امتى ارحل لامدر و اعودها قرر والد الصبي عبدالعال الارتحال لامدرمان للاشراف على مقر الطريقة في الموردة محل الجامع العتيق و رحلت معه الاسرة ليتنسم شيخنا عبق الامكنة و رحيق الازمنة في العاصمة الوطنية امددرممان ارض الامان و بوتقة السسودان , و في الموردة تعرف على الواقع السوداني الاصيل و تشرب بالقييم النببيلة و العلاقات الانسانية و تعمق في فهم الخلفية الثقافية و الفروقات بين الافراد ما بين الموردة و بانت و العبباسيية و اب كدوك و حي الضباط و فريقق ريد و فريق العمايا , لقد اصببح الان ملما بالكثيير و بالتالي مستعدا ليدلي بدلوه لاحقا.

تسعتاشر سنة بعد اكماله المررحلة الثانوية بامدرمان قام الراحل باختيار دراسة الطب و الجراحة و نسبة لضيق اللفرص في تلك الفترة فقد شد الرحال الى صوفيا عاصمة بلغاريا ليتخرج منها طببيبا و يعود للسودان في اواخر الثمانينيات و عمل ببمستشفى امدرمان و الخرطوم و سسوبا الجامعي و غيرها من المستشفيات , قبل ان تعرض عليه جامعة امدرمان الاسلامية قسسم الطب النفسي ليقوم بوضع لبناته الاولى و يسافر بعدها لفرنسا و يحصل عي شهادة التخصص و كذلك النمسا فيينا و حصوله على الزمالة , و قطع المحيط الاطلنطي للامريكا ليحصل على زمالة الصرع و رسم المخ و يتعاون مع جامعة تولورز بفرنسا. جوبا مالك عليا ساهم الفقييد ايضا في اففتتاح قسم الطب النفسي بجامعة جوبا و ظل على راسه لميعاد وفاته و ارسى العديد من البنيات التحتيىة بالجامعة بجوبا و امدرمان,كما انشاء مركز الخدمات الطبيية بالجامعة الاسلامية بالفتيحاب جنبا الي جنبب مع صندوق دعم الطالب الفقير و التكافل الاجتماعي و دعمه من حر ماله و تبرعات الخيريين و لا يزالان شاهدين على عظمة هذا الانسان الى اليوم. جلابية بيضاء مكوية تميز الفقيد بلبه الجلباب الابيض و العمامة و الملفحة و كان دوما متبسما محبا للطرفة في غير لين , رقيقا في غير ضعف, حاسما في غير قسوة, متسامحا من غير تفريط, و تقلد منصبب مدير عام مستشفى التيجاني الماحي لللطب اللنفسي بامدرمان و ايضا مقررر مجلس تخصص اللطب النفسيي و الذي ارسي قواعده , و كما شغلل منصب دائرة اللطب النفسي باللمجلس الطبي السوداني و اللجنة الطبية القانونية و عدد من الهيئات و المؤسسات و اللتي لا يتسع المجال لذكرها جميعا. عمل دؤؤب و جهااد متصل انشا اللفقيد عنبر المخ و الاعصاب بمستشفى التيجاني المااحي هو و رففيق دربه البروفسير فاروق ياسين و كما انشاء عيادة الطب النفسي بالمستشفى الصيني بامدرمان و مستشفى امدرمان التعليمي , حيث كان مؤمنا بضرورة ربط الطب النفسي بباقي التخصصات, و كما بداء في انشا ء قسم العلاج التاهيلي بالمستشفى و درج على توفر الاموال ببجهوده الخاصة,. مواقف على الطريق كان الفقيد كثثير التفقد للمستشفى و بصورة مفاجئئة اناء الليل و اطراف النهار و كثيرا ما كان ياتي لقسم الطواري في الثالثة صباحا ليتفقد المرضى و العمل و الاطباء و ييحل المشاكل ان وجدت. و كما درج على تقديم افطار رمضان سنويا من منزله لمرضى المستشفى و العاملين و المرافقين ددون من او اذى بل و كان يجلس ليشاركهم الاكل في كثير من الاحايين في تواضع العلماء و زهد النساك و صلاح الاولياء. مواهب خفية كان الفقيد محبا للشعر و الفن و حلو الكلام و توجد بمكتبه الكثير من اللوحات و تسجيلات الزمن الجميل و كما كان يتمتع بصوت رخيم لمن سمعه و هم قلة ,و كما كان محبا للجمال و تجده حريصا على التشجير و زراعة الزهور و النظافة و الترتيب و التنيسق و يشارك بيده في ذلك. حياته الاسرية تزوج الراحل من السيدة الكريمة سناء اسماعيل حبة ابنة الرراحل اسماعيل محمد علي حبة مدير الخطوط البحرية و احد الاداريين المشهورين., و انجبت له (محمد) تخرج طبيبا من جامعة الرباط, (الاء) تخرجت طبيبة من جامعة الخرطوم متزوجة حاليا و مقييمة بالسعودية,( رحاب) درست علم نفس بجامعة الاحفاد للببنات بامدرمان.,(اسراء)تدرس طب الاسنان بجامعة العلوم و التقانة,)سارة) اكملت المرحلة الجامعية حديثا ,( فاطمة الزهراء) على اعتاب دخول الجامعة. الانفتاح على المجتمع تميز الرراحل بعلاقاته الواسعة و الممتدة و ساهم باللتعريف بدور الشيخ و الطبيب و المرشد و المرربي في اللتواصل مع الناس في اتراحهم و اافرراحهم و مشاركتهم المناسسبات و خلق له ذلك شعبية جارفة و انتماء الكثثييررين للطريقق الادريسية,. الرحيل المر قبل عيد الحب بيومين من عام 2005 فببراير نعى الناعي الشيخ عبدالرحيم البرعي اللكردفاني و كان التشييع مققررا له بالزريبة بشمال كردفان و كعادته لم يتاخر الفقيد في ترك كل شئ, ليمضي لمستشار رئيس الجمهورية لشئون التاصيل الراحل احمد على الامام بغرض السفر بالطائرة و لكن تشاء الاقدار ان تكون الطائرة غادرت قبلها بلحظات, و نسبة لحرصه الشديد على حضور مراسم التشييع قام هو و مرافقيه الكرام باستقلال عربة من الرئاسة بسائقها متجهين نحو الزرييبة, و في منطقةة(الاعوج) على طريقق كوستى -الخرطوم انفجر اطار السيارة الامامي لتنقلب عدة مرات و يلاقي الجمييع حتفهم راضين مرضيين, و ليغمضض فقيدنا عيناه للمرة الاخيرة ناظرا للسماء كما نظر اليها عند ولادته لاول مرة. هيبة و جلال لم تشهد امدرمان حشدا مثل تشييع الراحل و الذي امه جمع غفير من المسئئولين و المواطنين و الطلاب و الزملاء و الدبللوماسيين و رجال الاعمال و ككل اطياف المجتمع , و ليوارى الثرى بجوار ابيه و اخيه بمدفن الاسرة بمسجد الادراسة بالموردة و لينسدل الثوب الاخضر على ذلك القبر و الروضة الخضراءء. و ليردد الجميع فاجعة الالم و سنوات الوجع: وجه من اهواه لاح فاختفى نور الصبباح فاسقني كاسسا طفاح في غبوق و اصطباح لا تقل اهل السماح موسم الافراح راح

  د.  علي بلدو  

Abd Alaziz Abd Allah Mahgoub

Abd Almoneim Yousif

Abd Alrazzag Alfaki

Abu Algasim Saad

Ahmed Hassan Medani

Ahmed Osman Sirag

Ahmed Taha

Altigani Adam Hammad

Alzain Abbas Omara

Amin Ali Nadeem

Amin Ali Nadim


Bushra Habbani

Diaa Aldin Aljaili

Emil Wiliam

Foad Abdo

Gaafar Mohammed Salih

Gamal Gorashi

Hafiz Mustafa

Hafiz Salim El Hakim

Hasab Al Rasoul Sulaiman

Hassan Babikir Abdel Hafiez

Hassan Babikir Abdel Hafiez

Hassan Ebied

Hassan Hajj Ali

Ibrahiem Omer

Isam Eltayeb Babiker

Mahdi Mohammed Alhassan

=== Mahmoud Abbakar Suliman===لسيرة الذاتية لبروفسور محمود أبكر سليمان

بقلم د. سعود سلطان

ولد بقرية الطينة وأكمل كل مراحله التعليمية بدارفور متنقلا من مدرسة كتم الابتدائية لمدرسة الجنينة الوسطي ثم الفاشر الثانوية أكمل دراسة الطب بجامعة الخرطوم عام ١٩٧٠ ثم التحق بوزارة الصحة كطبيب امتياز بمستشفيات الخرطوم والفاشر وبعدها كطبيب عمومي لمدة ثلاث سنوات بمستشفيات الفاشر وزالنجي وأم كدادة. التحق بعدها كمساعد تدريس بقسم الطب النفسي بكلية الطب جامعة الخرطوم التي عمل بها حتي أبتعث لمعهد الطب النفسي بلندن The Institute of Psychiatry لتكملة دراساته العليا. نال دبلوم الطب النفسي و عضوية الكلية الملكية للطب النفسي عام ١٩٧٧ عاد بعدها للعمل كمحاضر بقسم الطب النفسي بكلية الطب جامعة الخرطوم. غادر بعدها السودان للالتحاق بجامعة الكويت كأستاذ مساعد بكلية الطب و عمل بها حتي عام ١٩٩٠ عاد بعدها لكلية الطب بجامعة الخرطوم كأستاذ للطب النفسي حيث ساهم في تأسيس درجة الدكتوراه في الطب النفسي و تخريج أول دفعة من أخصائي الطب النفسي ولأول مرة بالسودان. عمل بجامعة الفاتح من سبتمبر كأول عميد لكلية الطب ثم مديرآ مؤسسآ لجامعة نيالا بعد تقسيم جامعة الفاتح من سبتمبر الي ثلاث جامعات. تم منح البروفسور محمود زمالة الكلية الملكية للطب النفسي عام ١٩٩٦. غادر السودان الي المملكة المتحدة عام ١٩٩٧ ليعمل بعدة مستشفيات في شمال و جنوب البلاد حتي استقر بمدينة بدفورد بوسط إنجلترا والتي عمل بها كإستشاري للطب النفسي لكبار السن Old Age Psychiatry حتي تقاعده قبل حوالي ثلاث سنوات ليتفرغ للكتابه لبروفسور محمود عدة أبحاث بعض منها تحت رعاية منظمة الصحة العالمية، كما نشرت له عدة كتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية في الطب النفسي والثقافة والتاريخ والسياسة.

Mirghani Babikir Basheer

Mohammed Abd Alaal Hammour

Mohammed Abd Alaziz Musa

Mohammed Abd Almonim Wasfi

Mohammed Hassan Algaddal

Mohammed Nour Abdel Rahim

Mohammed Sharief

Mohi Aldin Alfaki

Mustafa Bilal

Omer Abubakar

Omer Alrufaai

Osama Mahgoub

Osman Abdo

Osman Alhaj

Sawsan Awad Alkareem

Shiekh Idris Abd Alrahim

Suliman Alhabeeb

Taha Ahmed Baasher

== Yahia Own Allah Younis

==بروفسير يحى عون الله يونس بقلم د.هويدا عباس الياس

ولد بروفسير يحى عون الله يونس بمدينة امدرمان _ ابوسعد فى عام 1941 وتلقى مراحل تعليمه بها ̜ حيث درس الاولية بمدرسة العباسية ثم الوسطى فى مدرسة الاميرية امدرمان والثانوى بمدرسة وادى سيدنا ثم كلية الطب _ جامعة الخرطوم التى تخرج منها فى العام 1966. عمل بعد تخرجه فى عدد من المستشفيات خلال فترة الامتياز̜ ثم كطبيب عمومى بمستشفى امدرمان التعليمى ومن ثم عمل كمساعد للبحوث بكلية الطب _جامعة الخرطوم وذلك فى الفترة من 1967 حتى 1969 ومنها تم ابتعاثه الى المملكة المتحدة لينال درجة الدبلوم فى الصحة الاستوائية وبعدها نال درجة دبلوم الطب النفسى وذلك فى الفترة من 1969 حتى 1972 وبعد ان تم اعلان الكلية الملكية للطب النفسينال بروفسير يحي عون الله زمالة الكلية الملكية للطب النفسى وقد اول دفعة تنال تلك الدرجة العلمية ومعه بروفسير الزين عباس عمارة وبروفسير الطيب زروق وبروفسير على مصطفى بلال . وعاد بروفسير يحى الى السودان ليعمل كمحاضر بكلية الطب _جامعة الخرطوم حتى عام 1979 ثم عمل كاستاذ مساعد حتى عام 1983 .نال بروفسير يحي عون الله درجة الدكتوراة السريرية فى طب المجتمع من جامعة الخرطوم فى العام 1986

تم ابتعاث بروفسير يحي الى دولة الامارات العربية المتحدة فى عام1983 للعمل كاخصائى للطب النفسى فى مستشفى العين واستاذ بكلية الطب جامعة الامارات.
وفى العام 1995 تم منح البروفسير عضوية الكلية الملكية للطب النفسى بانجلترا

عاد بروفسير يحي عون الله للسودان فى العام 2008 ويعمل حاليا استاذ بجامعة افريقيا العالمية _ كلية الطب واستشارى للامراض النفسية بمستشفى طه بعشر للطب النفسى.

يعتبر بروفسير يحى عون الله من مؤسسى كلية الطب _ جامعة جوبا مع بروفسير عوض ابوزيد وقد قام بالتدريب فى العديد من الجامعات داخل وخارج السودان مثل كلية الطب وطب الاسنان والتمريض 

العالى بجامعة الخرطوم.كلية الطب بجامعة الجزيرة وكلية الطب بجامعة جوبا وايضا كلية الطب بجامعة الملك فيصل بالمملكة العربية السعودية وكلية الطب بجامعة الامارات العربية المتحدة. قام البروفسير يحى عون الله بالمشاركة فى العديد من السمنارات والورش التدريبية والمؤتمرات العلمية والبرامج التدريبية

داخل وخارج السودان مثل المملكة المتحدة والولايات المتحدة الامريكية والاتحاد السوفيتى سابقا والدنمارك وتركيا والهند ولبنان والمملكة العربية السعودية ودولة البحرين والامارات العربية المتحدة. 

كما نشر له العديد من البحوث والاوراق العلمية

البروفسير يحي عون الله يونس متزوج من السيدة اخلاص سيد مرسى ولديه اربعة من الابناء .داليا موظفة ببنك الخرطوم ومحمد مهندس مدنى ودينا طبيبة نائب اخصائى امراض نفسية ومصعب طبيب امتياز.

Younis Abulila

Notable Dentists

Pioneers of Sudanese medicine are individuals whose achievements have been seminal to the evolution of the field and whose work has contributed significantly to the establishment and development of the medical profession. Or they have ventured into the bio-medical field before others, or started new specialties.

Ahmed Abdel Mageed

Ahmed El Bella

Ahmed Hassan Shehata

Kamal Abbas

Mabel Wollf

Ezabel Wollf

Notable Midwives

Aziza Barsi

Batul Mohamed Eisa

Gundiya Saleh Yassin

Notable Nurses

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Sulaiman Abu Saleh

Hawa Ali El Basir

Hawa Mohamed Saleh

Awatif Ahmed Osman

Notable Pharmacists

Abdalla Omer El Khawad

Abdel Rahman El Rashid

Ahmed Mohamed El Amin Hamid

Badr El Din El Hashimi

Ibrahim Gasim Mokhayar

Sami Ahmed Khalid

Yahiya Mohamed El Khair

Yousif Bedri

Notable Biomedical Scientists =

Abdel Hamid Ibrahim Sulaiman

Hashim Warsama Ghalib

Muntasir El Tayib Ibrahim

Mutamad Ahmed Amin

Suad Mohamed Sulaiman

First Basic Science Teachers in Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum

Makram Girgis

Ali Khogali Ismail

Mohamed Hamad Satti

Mansour Ali Haseeb

Notable Technicians

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Schools of Medicine & Health Sciences

Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum

Faculty of Medicine, Gezira University

Sudan Medical Association


Excutive Committees

Medical Journals

Sudan Medical Journal

Al Hakeem

Sudan Medical Bulletin

Student Medical Society (Association), Faculty of Medicine, Khartoum University


Excutive Committees

Research Institutions

Endemic Diseases Research Institute

Tropical Medicine Research Institute

Ahmed Mohamed El Hassan Tropical Medicine Research Institute

Traditional Medicine Research Institute (WHO Collaborating Centre)

Medicinal and Aromatic Herbs Research Institute

Sudan Medical Heritage Foundation

The Mycetoma Research Centre

Biomedical Gallery (Artifacts, photos, plates, figures, videos)

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Reports and Letters of Historic Value

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Memorabilia (medals, certificates, group photos, etc.)

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Postgraduate Dissertations

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Talented physicians

Serious minds take everything in life seriously, hobbies and pastimes included. They take these leisurely activities as source of enjoyment and fun and they invariably excel in their pursuit. In time, many medical doctors have developed those hobbies to second specializations and careers. By Professor Ahmad Al Safi

On historical writings

The book of note that was written by Sudanese on the history of Sudanese medicine and medical research was that of Prof. Ahmed Bayoumi.

Ahmed Bayoumi’s The History of Sudan Health Services was a revised version of his doctoral thesis (University of Khartoum, 1974). The primary aim of this book was to trace health services in the Sudan through their historical development emphasizing the social, economic and administrative factors. The book no doubt filled a gap in the history of the field of health services and research in the Sudan and proved to be invaluable to health care providers, researchers and students. The book has been reprinted in 2002 in two volumes: volume one: Health Care System and volume two: Disease Epidemiology.

Apart from this work and to an extent that of Prof. Haseeb mentioned above, no other academic books were written on the subject and practically none on the lives and work of the pioneers. Several manuals and monographs on different fields of medicine were published.

On researching traditional medicine

Prof. Ahmad Al Safi book Traditional Sudanese Medicine, a primer for researchers, health care providers, and students (2007) is a wide-ranging 730-page account of traditional Sudanese medicine. It contains a comprehensive 2500-reference General Bibliography and a 600-item Sudanese Materia Medica. In 1970, Khartoum University Press published for Prof. Ahmad Al Safi his book Native Medicine in the Sudan: sources, concepts and methods, which was the first book to be written in English on that subject.

On scientific writings

Scientific monographs and popular writings on professional matters and other fields written by Sudanese medical doctors are many (scientific articles are excluded from this article). They include the works of MY Sukkar, Hafiz El Shazali, Salih Yassin, Musa Abdalla Hamid, Beshir Hamad, Mansour Ali Haseeb, Mohamed Osman Abdel Malik, Sayyid Daoud Hassan, Ahmed Mohamed El Hassan, Mamoun Mohamed Ali Hummaida, Ahmad Al Safi, Zein Abbas Amara, Kamal Mekki El Manna, Tahir Fadl, Shawgi Hassan El Masri, Omer Mohamed Bilail, Ahmed Hassan Fahal, Ali Mohamed Ahmed El Awad, Mohamed Saied Zarroug, Tarig Ismail Hummaida, El Sheikh Mahgoub, Tigani El Mahi, Ahmed Abdel Aziz Yagoub, Mohamed Hassan Gabir, Mustafa El-Seed, Daoud Iskander, as examples.

On sports

Many excelled in sports. Prof. Abdel Hamid Ibrahim had been a member of the GMC football team in 1947 and captain in 1950, as well as a member of the El-Neel football team. Dr Imam Doleib (Public Health specialist) played for the first teams of both El-Hilal and El-Mirriekh clubs. Prof. Nasr El Din Ahmed Mahmoud (Physiologist) was the goal keeper of El-Hilal football club in the early sixties of the last century. Abdalla El Hag Musa (Surgeon) and Mohsin Mohamed Hussain (Neurosurgeon) were both excellent basketball players when they were young.

On culture

The several personal gifts of the late Prof. Tigani El Mahi could hardly be categorized as hobbies. He was a serious bibliophile, collector of rare manuscripts, maps, and letters of historical value. His personal library has been proverbial. He was a famous Egyptologist and a world authority in hieroglyphics. He was also interested in music and was alleged to have played the lute. I could not verify this piece of information, but I could confirm that he studied musicology as seriously as he studied other disciplines in life. When he found out that I had a TV programme on music in 1966 and I was practicing on the trumpet, he gave me a mandolin as a gift, which I presume was his. He also gave me Scholes: The Oxford Companion to Music (1955), Cecil Gray: The History of Music (1928), Gustav E. Reese: Music in the Renaissance (1954) and a valuable book compiled and translated into English by Baheega Sidky Rasheed titled Egyptian Folk Songs (1958) including several original musical scores.

In the early 1960s, Prof. Ahmad Al Safi and the late Mrs. Awatif Osman Sherfi presented a TV Music Programme with the aim of educating the public, documenting Sudanese music, and profiling Sudanese musicians. This programme was presented when TV transmission was live in black and white, and before the foundation of the Institute of Music and Drama. The programme, which ran through several episodes, was directed and produced by the late TV veteran, Mr. Faroug Sulaiman.

On music

When active musicians among medical doctors are mentioned, Mr. Ali Nour El Galiel (Cardiac Surgeon), immediately comes to mind. Dr Habib Abdalla (the pioneer Sudanese Radiologist) played the piano and had a large collection of classical music, which he passed on together with the love of music to his family, namely Dr Saad Habib. Dr Labib Abdalla played the violin. Earlier still, Mohamed Adam Adham (graduated from Kitchner School of Medicine in 1939) was a violinist and composer. Dr Adham was one of the few doctors who studied music. His violin pieces the Adhamiyat were popular in Sudan Broadcasting Service play-list in its early days. Dr Adham was the first president-elect of the Sudan Singers’ Syndicate in the 1940s. He was nominated to that post by singers Ahmed El Mustafa and Hassan Sulaiman.

Earlier still, Dr Mahmoud Hamdi (graduated from Kitchner School of Medicine in 1929) played the violin, mandolin and lute and composed music for songs that came after the Hagieba era. He played music in some of those songs but was not noted as a practicing musician.

Few people know that Dr Zaki Mustafa (Gynaecologist) was a talented saxophonist and Dr Magboul Mohamed Ali Magboul (Anaesthetist) an excellent trumpet player when they were young. Both were the products of the Sudanese secondary schools in their glorious days.

On fine arts

To see a glimpse of the artistic talent of Dr Al Hadi Babiker (Psychiatrist), have a look at the portrait of the late Prof. Tigani El Mahi currently on display in the Basic Skills Laboratory in Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, which he drew when he was a medical student.

In 1966, the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum announced a competition for designing an emblem for the faculty. Artists from the College of Graphic Arts, medical students, and lecturers responded. Ahmad Al Safi won that competition and was awarded £50. The evaluation panel included Professors Mansour Ali Haseeb, Anis Mohamed Ali El Shami, H.V. Morgan, and Dr. Abdel Halim Mohamed. It was Prof. Morgan suggested the logo "Honesty and Humility" that was engraved at the bottom of the crest. The emblem he designed is in use up to date indicating its worth.

On poetry

Poets among Sudanese doctors were many. The list includes Dr Ali Arbab (1929 graduate) who in addition wrote poetry in English, Mahmoud Hamdi (1929 graduate), Dr Abdel Halim Mohamed, Prof. Mansour Ali Haseeb, Dr Zein El Abdeen Ibrahim, Prof. Haddad Omar Karoam, Dr Mohamed Osman Giritley (also played the lute), Dr Mohamed El Hassan Abu Bakr (Physician), Dr Imam Doleib, Dr Ahmed Shadoul (Paediatrician), Dr Hasabou Suleiman (Psychiatrist), Dr El Zein Abbas Amara, Prof. Moutaz Omer Bakhiet (Neurologist), Prof. Mustafa Abdalla (Paediatrician), Dr Hussain Yagoub (Internist), Dr Omar Mahmoud Khalid (Internist), and Ahmed Badi (Wad Badi).

On literary writing

The list of writers includes Dr. Ibrahim Anis (1929 graduate), Dr Abdalla Omer Abu Shamma (Public Health Consultant), was the first Sudanese story writer. Mansour Ali Haseeb (Bacteriologist), was writer and translator of Harold McMichael articles on the coming of the Arabs into Sudan. Musa Abdallah Hamid (Surgeon) is a prolific writer, translator, historian and biographer. Dr Abdel Halim Mohamed (Physician) was a writer and literary critic. Prof. Ahmad Al Safi book titled A Manual of Rules and Procedure of Modern Organizations, Cairo, (1ST Edition 1999: 600 pages, 2nd Edition 2007: 530 pages) is an authority manual in parliamentary procedure in Arabic. This book is recognized by critics as the only book in Arabic in the Sudan and Arabic-speaking countries. The book is written with the purpose of empowering citizens whether organized or to be organized, to achieve professional and personal goals through efficient and effective systematic deliberations.

Pharmacist Professor Badr Eldin Hamid El Hashimi is a man of note in literary writing, translation from English to Arabic in addition to his scientific contributions as scientist.

On social engagements

Medical doctors wherever they worked have always been recognized as respectable figures in their communities, and were entrusted with the leadership of their social and community institutions. At a time in Sudan’s history, almost all major municipal councils were lead by medical doctors.

Abdel Halim Mohamed, for example, was noted to have been president or chairperson for at least twelve notable institutions including the Sudan Football Association, basketball association, horse racing, Olympic Committee, Khartoum Civil Hospital, Khartoum University Council, Khartoum Municipal Council, Doctors’ Union, and, of course, he was member and rotating president of the Sudan Supreme Council of State.

Medical doctors were instrumental in founding literary and cultural clubs and discussion groups in the early days of struggle against the condominium rule. Those clubs were found where ever doctors worked. Medical doctors also contributed significantly in the formulation of the Graduate Conference the predecessor of political parties in Sudan.

On journalism

The Radio and TV broadcasters were many. They start with the late Abu Obaida El Magzoub and end by Dr. Omar Mahmoud Khalid and Prof. Mamoun M. A. Homaida.

Dr Ibrahim Anis (1904-1961) of the second batch to graduate from Kitchner School of Medicine was instrumental in establishing professional journalism in the country. The advisory group they made for Ismail Al Atabani was helpful to Soat Al Sudan and Al Rai Al Aam. Abdel Halim Mohamed had been a literary critic. Dr Mohamed Adam Adham created and edited Africa Magazine and Al Ghalam newspaper in the 1940s.

On politics

Politicians are too many to recount. Indeed, the role played by medical doctors in politics is not in the political posts they held, but by influencing the political scene. This is a rich and interesting chapter. Dr Ibrahim Anis (1929 graduate of KSM) was the first Ambassador of the Sudan in Washington. However, the politicians worthy of note are those who held the rotational post of Supreme Members of State, namely Mohamed El Mubarak El Fadil Shaddad, Abdel Halim Mohamed, and Tigani El Mahi. A post they rightly deserved due to undisputed high reputation and credibility in society.

On bibliographies

Professor Mansour Ali Haseeb dedicated his book A Monograph on Biomedical Research in the Sudan (1970) to the NCR for the benefit of young research workers. The monograph has been a 1500-entry bibliography of biomedical literature with a concise and highly informative introduction.

Professor Ahmad Al Safi A Bibliography of Biomedical Literature in the Sudan (1900-2000) is currently 6000-entry long and work is still going on. This is a compilation of medical literature on the Sudan by Sudanese scholars and expatriate staff produced during the 20th century. It includes in addition to published material, grey literature i.e., technical reports, white papers, drafts, departmental manuals, conference papers and proceedings, relevant articles in newspapers, raw data, memoranda, project summaries, trip reports, working and discussion papers, unofficial government documents, studies, market surveys, pamphlets, brochures, and newsletters.


Henry Solomon Wellcome

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Mohamed Hashim Baghdadi

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Britons in Sudan Medical Service (1900-1965)

Anderson, RG

Archibald, Sir Robert G

Atkey, OFH

Balfour, Sir Andrew

Bartholomew, F

Bates, JD

Beam, William

Bloss, JFE

Bousfield, Leonard

Butler, H

Chalmers, Sir Albert J

Christopherson, JB

Cloudsley-Thompson, JL

Corkill, N L

Crispin, ES

Crockett, D

Crowfoot, Molly

Cruickshank, A

Culwick, CM

Cummins, AB

Cummins, SL

Currie, Sir James

D’Arcy, Patrick

Daly, G

Horgan, Eric S

Hovell, JS

Husband, Mr

Kendall, Miss EM

King, H H

Kirk, Robert

Robert Kirk (1905-1962) joined Sudan Medical Service in 1933, eventually becoming Director of the Wellcome and Stack Laboratories in Khartoum. In 1952, he was appointed the first Sudanese Professor of Pathology in the University College of Khartoum, and later (October 1954-March 1955) Dean of the MedicalSchool. He was succeeded in this post by Dr Mansour Ali Haseeb, the first Sudanese doctor to join SRL, in the post of assistant director of research. Robert Kirk joined the UniversityCollege from the Stack Laboratories with a worldwide reputation as a research worker who had made outstanding contributions to the understanding of kala-azar, yellow fever and many other tropical diseases. Prof. Kirk’s interests were wide and varied. Dermatology was not taught systematically in the Kitchener School of Medicine then. In fact, in the middle of the 1930’s, it was decided that a course of lectures would be inappropriate, as there would not be enough clinical material in Khartoum to illustrate the subject. A reassessment of this position made in 1952, showed that there was no dearth of material and that even a brief introduction to the subject would greatly assist the students when they qualify. For many years before he joined the Faculty, Prof. Kirk was interested in the parasitological and pathological aspects of dermatology. Together with Prof. HV Morgan, he introduced dermatology teaching and set up the first skin clinic in the country in KhartoumCivilHospital in 1952. Prof. El-Hassan used to attend those clinics as a house physician and later he used to discuss the pathology of the cases of the week showing the microscopic slides. This was the basis for Prof. El-Hassan interest in dermatology. This discipline, he believes, demands clinical experience and pathology by both practicing dermatologist and pathologist. Working with both Prof. Kirk and Prof. Morgan, Dr Abdel Moneim Wasfi developed interest in dermatology and helped establish the discipline in the Ministry of Health. Both deserve to be called the forefathers of Dermatology in Sudan. Indeed, a special issue of Al Hakeem Medical Students Journal containing a collection of Prof. Morgan’s articles on skin was dedicated to Prof. Kirk. The Editors of Al Hakeem rightfully commented that they commemorate the stimulus, which Robert Kirk gave to a branch of medicine, allied to, but different from the field in which he was pre-eminent, hoping that future developments of dermatology in Sudan will pay tribute to his genius. Because of his contributions to tropical medicine, Prof. Kirk was awarded the Chalmers Medal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in 1943. In 1955, Prof. Kirk took his last journey to Malaya, and thence to Hong Kong, where he died in 1962. In addition to the many papers, he authored and already documented a wide range of other papers and manuscripts relating to medical practice in Sudan were found among his effects after his death. They were presented to the Royal Commonwealth Societyin the United Kingdom by Prof. JB Gibson, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Hong Kong through Dr KE Robinson in February 1977.

Lewis, DJ

Lynch, JB

MacGowan, WAL

Mackenzie, C

Maurice, GK

Mayne, FS

McGowen, Prof

McKelvie, AR

Morgan, HV

Morris, EWT

Mr. Morris, a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, joined the Sudan Medical Service in 1929. He spent much of his service in the Southern and Western Provinces of Sudan. In 1944, he succeeded Mr. Mayne in the twin posts of Senior Surgeon and Lecturer in Surgery, which he held for five years until 1949, when he was succeeded by F. Bartholomew. On retirement, he took a post in the Department of Anatomy of his old hospital, St. Thomas’. He taught anatomy in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum in the 1960.

Nicholls, M F

Sir Marriott Faulkner Nicholls (1898-1969) studied Medicine at Clare College, Cambridge, and St. George's Hospital, London, qualifying in 1923, and three years later, he gained his Fellowship. In 1932, he became M.Chir., and joined the consultant staff of St. George's. His interests in surgery were wide and before the Second World War, he was consultant surgeon to the Royal Chest Hospital, the Belgrave Hospital for Children and the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital. At St. George’s, he was in charge of the genito-urinary department. In spite of these commitments, he became Dean of St. George's Medical School in 1936, a post he held for 20 years, interrupted by service in the RAMC, in which for a period he was in charge of a surgical division in Africa and later consultant surgeon to the 14th Army in South-East Asia. After retiring from the Deanship, he became the first director of the newly formed surgical unit at St. George's Hospital. At the age of 64, he started a new surgical career as Professor of Surgery in Khartoum, Sudan. He was appointed CBE in 1946 and KBE in 1969. He will be remembered for his tactful administration, for his encouragement of the young, for his clinical teaching, for his foresight and purposefulness, and perhaps most of all for his zest for life.

O'Conner, Mr

O'Shaughnessy, LF

Pridie, Sir Eric Denholm

Squires, HC

Taylor, Julian

Professor Julian Taylor (19??-1961), CBE, MS, FRCS of the University College Hospital, London, joined the UOK in 1957 as Professor of Surgery. He pioneered the development of surgery in Sudan, and inspired and helped several Sudanese to become surgeons. In 1960, he persuaded the Royal College of Surgeons of England to establish a yearly examination for the Primary Fellowship held in Khartoum. Successful candidates, of which the percentage is high, work for a year as registrars in Khartoum Civil Hospital and then travel to England for further training and sit for the Final Fellowship. Professor Taylor was the first to start a scheme of sub-specialization to be expanded by Professor Nicholls who replaced him in the post of Surgery in KSM.

Theobald, FV

Verzin, JA

Waterfield, NE

Wellcome, Sir Henry S

Wenyon, CM

Wolff, Miss Gertrude L

Wolff, Miss Mabel E

Woodruff, AW

The medical profession



Teaching & Training